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Técnica de estudio: EL resumen

Técnica de estudio: EL resumen

El resumen consiste en reducir un texto de tal forma que éste sólo contenga lo más importante.
El resumen no solo es beneficioso porque estimula la capacidad de síntesis, sino que también mejora la expresión escrita, la cual es decisiva en un examen.
Así mismo, la lógica del pensamiento que requiere la escritura es el mejor procedimiento para profundizar en la comprensión. Por eso nunca hay que limitarse a copiar fragmentos.
Primero se debe reflexionar y después resumir haciendo uso del vocabulario propio.
El objetivo específico de los resúmenes es la representación sintética y objetiva de lo leído o escuchado.

Características de un resumen:

1. Orden en las ideas.
2. Claridad.
3. Concisión.
4. Deben ser personales.
5. Usar abreviaturas, códigos y signos.


Técnicas y procedimientos para hacer un resumen

▬ Lectura exploratoria del capítulo o fragmento que se estudiará.
▬ Lectura pormenorizada hasta su total comprensión, sobre los párrafos fundamentales.
▬ Subrayado de las ideas más importantes.
▬ Comprobación de que lo subrayado tiene unidad y sentido.
▬ A partir de lo subrayado, escribe las ideas significativas con las propias palabras del autor; procura que exista ilación en el contenido, para que el tema no pierda su significado.
Para hacer un buen resumen, se tiene que dominar la técnica del subrayado, recuerde que en unidades anteriores estudiamos las técnicas del subrayado, consulten nuevamente si es necesario.

 

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